aliphatic compounds

aliphatic compounds
związki alifatyczne

English-Polish dictionary for engineers. 2013.

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  • Aliphatic — Al i*phat ic, a. [Gr. ?, ?, oil, fat.] (Org. Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; applied to compounds having an open chain structure. The aliphatic compounds thus include not only the fatty acids and other derivatives of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • aliphatic compound — ▪ chemical compound       any chemical compound belonging to the organic class in which the atoms are not linked together to form a ring. One of the major structural groups of organic molecules, the aliphatic compounds include the alkanes,… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic — [al΄ə fat′ik] adj. [< Gr aleiphar (gen. aleiphatos), fat, oil + IC] 1. pertaining to a fat or oil 2. of or relating to a major group of organic compounds, structured in open chains, including alkanes (paraffins), alkenes (olefins), and alkynes …   English World dictionary

  • aliphatic — adj. [Gr. aleiphos, fat] Refers to compounds having an open chain structure, and those cyclic compounds that resemble the open chain structure …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • aliphatic — /al euh fat ik/, adj. Chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms can be straight chain, branched chain, or cyclic, as in alicyclic compounds; saturated, as in the paraffins; or unsaturated, as in… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic — 1. adjective /ælɪˈfætɪk/ Of a class of organic compounds in which the carbon atoms are arranged in an open chain. 2. noun /ælɪˈfætɪk/ a) A compound of this type. b) A petroleum …   Wiktionary

  • aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …   Medical dictionary

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons — Organic hydrocarbon compounds in which the carbon atoms are joined in open chains, as opposed to ring structures of aromatic and naphthenic compounds. Examples: ethane, propane, butane. Many are building blocks for petrochemicals …   Petroleum refining glossary

  • aliphatic — [ˌalɪ fatɪk] adjective Chemistry relating to or denoting organic compounds in which carbon atoms form open chains (as in the alkanes). Origin C19: from Gk aleiphar, aleiphat fat + ic …   English new terms dictionary

  • aliphatic — al•i•phat•ic [[t]ˌæl əˈfæt ɪk[/t]] adj. chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms form open chains • Etymology: 1885–90; < Gk aleiphat , s. of áleiphar oil, fat + ic …   From formal English to slang

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